Effect of sowing time on barley yellow dwarf virus infection in wheat: virus incidence and grain yield losses
McKirdy, S.J. and Jones, R.A.C. (1997) Effect of sowing time on barley yellow dwarf virus infection in wheat: virus incidence and grain yield losses. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48 (2). pp. 199-206.
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In 4 field experiments at 2 sites in Western Australia, wheat was sown at different times in autumn and early winter. Within each sowing, incidence of barley yellow dwarf luteovirus (BYDV) was monitored by ELISA tests on leaf samples, using antiserum specific to BYDV serotype PAV. Delaying sowing decreased BYDV incidence in all 4 experiments. At the higher rainfall site, decreased BYDV incidence due to delayed sowing was associated with increased grain yield and size, and in 1 experiment also with a decrease in the proportion of shrivelled grain. In contrast, at the lower rainfall site, grain yield penalties derived from late sowing negated the yield increases associated with decreased BYDV levels. When imidacloprid seed-dressing followed by foliar sprays of alpha-cypermethrin were applied to control aphids at the lower rainfall site, within each sowing BYDV incidence and the proportion of shrivelled grain decreased and grain yield and size increased. Applications of pirimicarb at the higher rainfall site also decreased BYDV incidence and the proportion of shrivelled grain within each sowing, and grain yield and size were increased. In all experiments, the only, or predominant, colonising aphid species was Rhopalosiphum padi. At flag leaf emergence, delayed sowing decreased the number of aphids on plants.
In high BYDV risk zones, when an appropriate insecticide is not applied to control aphid vectors in autumn-sown wheat, delaying sowing may be advisable to minimise BYDV-induced grain yield losses. However, the yield benefits from decreased BYDV infection need to be balanced against possible yield penalties due to late sowing.
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|Copyright:||© CSIRO 1997|
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