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Experiences of nursing students in a Bachelor of Nursing program as they transition from enrolled nurse to registered nurse

Wall, Peter (2016) Experiences of nursing students in a Bachelor of Nursing program as they transition from enrolled nurse to registered nurse. Other thesis, Murdoch University.

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A substantial number of Enrolled Nurses (ENs) undergo the conversion to Registered Nurse (RN) within Bachelor of Nursing (BN) programs in Australia. However, unlike the majority of undergraduate nursing students, ENs enter BN programs as health professionals and are offered a range of advanced standing in recognition of their previous learning and experience. This positions ENs as a unique sub-cohort of students and it is therefore important that tertiary institutions recognise and understand the challenges that these students experience. The global literature available on the conversion experiences of the EN equivalent to RN offers some insight into these challenges, however an in-depth understanding of the transition experience within the Australian context is currently limited.

The aim of this research is to contribute to the understanding of the EN experience as they make the conversion to RN within a BN program. A comprehensive understanding of these conversion experiences within the Australian context is required to inform the development and introduction of educational and institutional strategies to enhance the quality of their experience, to not only encourage more ENs to undergo the conversion to RN but also minimise the attrition for those ENs who enrol in BN programs.

This study used a qualitative interpretive descriptive research design that incorporated Schlossberg’s Transition Theory as a framework to guide the understanding of the experiences of ENs enrolled in a BN University program in Western Australia. The EN’s lived experiences were privileged by the collection of data through individual semi-structured interviews conducted with seven ENs who were recruited during their final year of study. A focus group of four academic staff with experience teaching in the BN program was also conducted to provide additional context for the ENs’ experiences. This approach enabled triangulation of data from the two sources and thematic analysis to be undertaken.

Five themes were identified from analysis of the ENs’ and academics’ data: ‘standing out from the crowd’, ‘seeking personal and professional balance’, ‘struggling with academic demands’, ‘moving beyond the constraints of being an EN’ and ‘growing within the program’. These findings revealed how the ENs were primarily motivated to undertake the conversion to RN to broaden their career opportunities and scope of practice. However, many related how they had difficulty fitting in with, and being accepted by, the main BN student cohort. Trying to balance study with their other life responsibilities was discussed along with various academic difficulties; the latter reportedly exacerbated by their 12 months of advanced standing. Also highlighted was their struggle to maintain confidence in their professional EN skills when faced by academic challenges. Other difficulties were identified with academic writing and clinical assessments, although the development of strategies such as personal commitment and the use of support groups assisted students to manage these issues. As the ENs overcame challenges and progressed through the program they experienced academic success, which then engendered a feeling of personal empowerment as their goal came within reach.

Enrolled Nurses’ experiences of transitioning to RN within the BN program can be explained within the stages of Schlossberg’s Transition Theory. It was evident from the participants’ experiences that adaption was required at each stage of the transition process, including the development of individual coping strategies that allowed them to successfully navigate their journey. Varying degrees of challenge and success were evident as the ENs used strategies to adapt to tertiary education and their aspired to RN role. Notably, these challenges were increased for the EN because they entered the BN in its second year. Providing transparent information of the potential challenges prior to enrolment and introducing individualised advanced standing and bridging programs specifically designed for the EN converting to RN could assist to improve the transition for these students.

Publication Type: Thesis (Other)
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Health Professions
Notes: Research masters with training
Supervisor: Fetherston, Catherine and Browne, Caroline
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