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Religiös/Spirituelles Befinden bei psychisch Kranken: Ängstlich/Depressive und Suchtkranke im Vergleich zu gesunden Kontrollpersonen

Unterrainer, H-F, Schöggl, H., Lewis, A.J., Fink, A., Weiss, E. and Kapfhammer, H.P. (2013) Religiös/Spirituelles Befinden bei psychisch Kranken: Ängstlich/Depressive und Suchtkranke im Vergleich zu gesunden Kontrollpersonen. neuropsychiatrie, 27 (4). pp. 172-179.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40211-013-0075-5
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Abstract

Objective
The aim of this study is to investigate different dimensions of religiosity and spirituality among psychiatric in-patients. The study examines differences between addictive (ICD 10: F1x) and anxious/depressive (ICD 10: F3x/F4x) patients and considers the main implications for treatment.

Method
Differences in dimensions of religious/spiritual well-being (RSWB) between addictive (n = 389) and anxious/depressive patients (n = 200) are investigated, also by comparison to a control group (n  = 1,500). Furthermore dimensions of RSWB are related to personality factors and different psychiatric parameters within the psychiatric groups.

Results
The psychiatric groups show a lower amount of overall RSWB (p  < 0.001) than the healthy controls. Furthermore, dimensions of RSWB turned out to be negatively correlated with several psychiatric symptoms.

Conclusions
Based on these results we emphasize religious/spiritual issues within psychiatric treatment. Moreover, there may be a strong potential of the RSWB dimensions such as “Hope” or “Forgiveness” as positive therapeutic factors in psychiatric treatment.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Vienna
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/30791
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