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Evaluation of chondrocyte death in canine osteochondral explants exposed to a 0.5% solution of bupivacaine

Hennig, G.S., Hosgood, G.L., Bubenik-Angapen, L.J., Lauer, S.K. and Morgan, T.W. (2010) Evaluation of chondrocyte death in canine osteochondral explants exposed to a 0.5% solution of bupivacaine. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 71 (8). pp. 875-883.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.71.8.875
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Abstract

Objective - To evaluate chondrocyte death in canine articular cartilage exposed in vitro to bupivacaine with and without methylparaben and to compare viability for cartilage with intact or mechanically debrided surfaces. Sample Population - Both glenohumeral joints from 10 adult canine cadavers. Procedures - 10 osteochondral cores were harvested from each of the 20 humeral heads; synovium and 1 core from each joint were examined to verify joint health, and the other 9 cores were exposed to canine chondrocyte culture medium (CCCM), a 0.5% solution of bupivacaine, or 0.5% solution of bupivacaine with methylparaben for 5, 15, or 30 minutes. Results - For the superficial zone of surface-intact chondrocytes, bupivacaine with methylparaben caused a significantly higher percentage of chondrocyte death at 5 minutes (47.7%) than did bupivacaine (23.6%) or CCCM (25.4%). Bupivacaine (53.8%) and bupivacaine with methylparaben (62.5%) caused a significantly higher percentage of chondrocyte death at 30 minutes than did CCCM (20.0%). For the superficial zone of chondrocytes with debrided surfaces, bupivacaine with methylparaben caused a significantly higher percentage of chondrocyte death at 30 minutes (59%) than it did at 5 minutes (37.7%). Bupivacaine with methylparaben caused a significantly higher percentage of chondrocyte death at 30 minutes (59.0%) than did CCCM (28.9%). For middle and deep zones of chondrocytes, treatment solution and surface debridement had minimal effects on percentage of chondrocyte death. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Bupivacaine and bupivacaine with methylparaben were cytotoxic to canine articular chondrocytes in vitro. Intra-articular administration of bupivacaine is not recommended for clinical use until additional studies are conducted.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: American Veterinary Medical Association
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/3040
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