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Differences in physiological features associated with aluminum tolerance in Tibetan wild and cultivated barleys

Dai, H., Zhao, J., Ahmed, I.M., Cao, F., Chen, Z-H, Zhang, G., Li, C. and Wu, F. (2014) Differences in physiological features associated with aluminum tolerance in Tibetan wild and cultivated barleys. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 75 . pp. 36-44.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.11.025
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Abstract

Aluminum (Al) toxicity is a major limiting factor for plant production in acid soils. Wild barley germplasm is a treasure trove of useful genes and offers rich sources of genetic variation for crop improvement. Al-stress-hydroponic-experiments were performed, and the physiochemical characteristic of two contrasting Tibetan wild barley genotypes (Al-resistant XZ16 and Al-sensitive XZ61) and Al-resistant cv. Dayton were compared. Ultrastructure of chloroplasts and root cells in XZ16 was less injured than that in Dayton and XZ61. Moreover, XZ16 secreted significantly more malate besides citrate and exhibited less Al uptake and distribution than both of XZ61 and Dayton in response to Al stress, simultaneously maintained higher H+-, Ca2+Mg2+- and total-ATPase activities over XZ61. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide reduced citrate secretion from XZ16, but not from Dayton. In Tibetan wild barley, our findings highlight the significant correlations between Al tolerance, ATPase activity and citrate secretion, providing some insights into the physiological basis for Al-detoxification.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/28885
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