Catheterization of the urethra in female pigs
Musk, G.C., Zwierzchoniewska, M. and He, B. (2015) Catheterization of the urethra in female pigs. Laboratory Animals, 49 (4). pp. 345-348.
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Female pigs are commonly utilized as an animal model for biomedical research and require urethral catheterization. Sixteen pigs were anaesthetized for research purposes and required the placement of a urethral catheter. Post-mortem examination of the vaginas revealed the urethral opening to be consistently halfway from the mucocutaneous junction of the vulva to the cervix. A shallow diverticulum was also observed on the ventral floor of the urethral opening. To optimize conditions for success the pig should be carefully positioned supine, a vaginal speculum and light source should be used, the pig should be adequately anaesthetized, and the anatomy of the vagina should be reviewed.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Life Sciences|
|Publisher:||Royal Society of Medicine Press|
|Copyright:||© The Author(s) 2015|
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