Catalog Home Page

Catheterization of the urethra in female pigs

Musk, G.C., Zwierzchoniewska, M. and He, B. (2015) Catheterization of the urethra in female pigs. Laboratory Animals, 49 (4). pp. 345-348.

Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


Female pigs are commonly utilized as an animal model for biomedical research and require urethral catheterization. Sixteen pigs were anaesthetized for research purposes and required the placement of a urethral catheter. Post-mortem examination of the vaginas revealed the urethral opening to be consistently halfway from the mucocutaneous junction of the vulva to the cervix. A shallow diverticulum was also observed on the ventral floor of the urethral opening. To optimize conditions for success the pig should be carefully positioned supine, a vaginal speculum and light source should be used, the pig should be adequately anaesthetized, and the anatomy of the vagina should be reviewed.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Royal Society of Medicine Press
Copyright: © The Author(s) 2015
Item Control Page Item Control Page