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Biology and intelligence—the race/IQ controversy

Anderson, M. (2007) Biology and intelligence—the race/IQ controversy. In: Della Sala, Sergio, (ed.) Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating Fact from Fiction. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 123-147.

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There are false beliefs widely held by many, and often by those who should know better, regarding the influence of race and biology on IQ and intelligence. This chapter presents arguments and data that challenge these myths by establishing that: IQ tests are good measures of intelligence; there is a large unitary factor called general intelligence that accounts for most of the differences in IQ and that is based on biological differences between individuals; individual differences in IQ are, in large part, genetically inherited; and there is no good reason to believe that the difference in group means that exist between black and white Americans in measured IQ is either genetically based or based on race differences in biology.

Publication Type: Book Chapter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Copyright: The Author
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