Enzymatic Recognition of 2′-Modified Ribonucleoside 5′-Triphosphates: Towards the Evolution of Versatile Aptamers
Lauridsen, L.H., Rothnagel, J.A. and Veedu, R.N. (2011) Enzymatic Recognition of 2′-Modified Ribonucleoside 5′-Triphosphates: Towards the Evolution of Versatile Aptamers. ChemBioChem, 13 (1). pp. 19-25.
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The quest for effective, selective and nontoxic nucleic-acid-based drugs has led to designing modifications of naturally occurring nucleosides. A number of modified nucleic acids have been made in the past decades in the hope that they would prove useful in target-validation studies and therapeutic applications involving antisense, RNAi, aptamer, and ribozyme-based technologies. Since their invention in the early 1990s, aptamers have emerged as a very promising class of therapeutics, with one drug entering the market for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. To combat the limitations of aptamers containing naturally occurring nucleotides, chemically modified nucleotides have to be used. In order to apply modified nucleotides in aptamer drug development, their enzyme-recognition capabilities must be understood. For this purpose, several modified nucleoside 5′-triphosphates were synthesized and investigated as substrates for various enzymes. Herein, we review studies on the enzyme-recognition of various 2′-sugar-modified NTPs that were carried out with a view to their effective utilization in SELEX processes to generate versatile aptamers.
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