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Dietary bovine colostrum increases villus height and decreases small intestine weight in early-weaned pigs

King, M.R., Morel, P.C.H., Revell, D.K., Pluske, J.R. and Birtles, M.J. (2008) Dietary bovine colostrum increases villus height and decreases small intestine weight in early-weaned pigs. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 21 (4). pp. 567-573.

Abstract

This experiment examined the effect of dietary spray-dried bovine colostrum on intestinal histology and organ weights in early-weaned pigs. In a randomised complete block design, twelve 14-day-old weaner pigs were offered a diet containing either 5% spray-dried bovine colostrum or no colostrum (control). Diets were formulated to contain 14.8 MJ/kg DE, 1.26% available lysine and to meet or exceed requirements for other nutrients. Piglets were offered the diets for a period of 14 days. No effect of diet on growth rate or feed intake was observed (p>0.10). Small intestine weight was reduced by 12% in piglets consuming dietary bovine colostrum (p< 0.05). Villous height and crypt depth were increased and decreased, respectively, in the proximal jejunum, mid jejunum and distal ileum of pigs consuming dietary bovine colostrum (p<0.05). Mid-jejunal lamina propria CD[4.sup. ] and CD[8.sup. ] T lymphocyte density was increased by 28 and 37%, respectively, in piglets consuming dietary bovine colostrum (p<0.05). Diet did not affect thickness of tunica muscularis externa or tunica submucosa (p>0.10). Collectively, these results suggest a positive effect of dietary bovine colostrum on intestinal morphology and immune status in early-weaned pigs.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies
Publishers Website: http://www.ajas.info/
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/2709
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