Models for the effect of rising water in abandoned mines on seismic activity
Fowkes, N., Hocking, G., Mason, D.P., Please, C.P., Kgatle, R., Yilmaz, H. and van der Merwe, N. (2015) Models for the effect of rising water in abandoned mines on seismic activity. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 77 . pp. 246-256.
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The old closed gold mines on the Witwatersrand are flooding and there is concern that the water may seep into stable faults in the district and destabilise them, thus leading to greater seismic activity. The simple deterministic models described here suggest that the time span for water movement into such faults within a distance of 3000. m is likely to be of the order of months and that the hydrostatic pressure buildup within the filled cracks is likely to significantly increase the risk of fault slip. These results appear to be consistent with available observations as documented by Goldbach . The simple models predict a linear decrease in the effective coefficient of friction of the water filled fault with water depth with a reduction of up to 30% possible. Furthermore, and importantly, slip is predicted to occur along joints and faults not previously prone to slip because of their unfavored orientation.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Engineering and Information Technology|
|Copyright:||© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.|
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