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Synthesis of vinylidene fluoride via reaction of chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22) with methane

Han, W., Kennedy, E.M., Mackie, J.C. and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2010) Synthesis of vinylidene fluoride via reaction of chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22) with methane. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 49 (13). pp. 6010-6019.

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The gas-phase reaction of CH4 and CHClF2 (HCFC-22, R22) has been studied in an alumina tubular reactor at atmospheric pressure and in the temperature range of 673-1073 K. The motivation of the investigation is to assess this process as a potential route for the treatment of CHClF 2, as well as a technology for the synthesis of CH 2=CF2 (vinylidene fluoride, VDF). Under the conditions studied, the major products are C2F4, CH 2=CF2, HF, and HCl. Minor products detected include C 2HF3, C2H2, CHF3, C 2H3F, C2H2F4, CH 2F2, C3F6, CH3Cl. A mechanistic interpretation of the results is proposed, including the reactions involved in the initial decomposition of CHClF2, those contributing to the activation of CH4 and developing the pathways leading to the formation of product species. The result of changing feed ratio experiments is consistent with the reaction mechanism developed. The introduction of small amounts of O2 improves the conversion of CH4 and formation of CH2=CF2 markedly.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright: © 2010 American Chemical Society.
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