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Experimental study of decomposition of aqueous nitrosyl thiocyanate

Rayson, M.S., Mackie, J.C., Kennedy, E.M. and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2011) Experimental study of decomposition of aqueous nitrosyl thiocyanate. Inorganic Chemistry, 50 (16). pp. 7440-7452.

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This study has examined the kinetics of the decomposition of nitrosyl thiocyanate (ONSCN) by stopped flow UV-vis spectrophotometry, with the reaction products identified and quantified by infrared spectroscopy, membrane inlet mass spectrometry, ion chromatography, and CN - ion selective electrode. The reaction results in the formation of nitric oxide and thiocyanogen, the latter decomposing to sulfate and hydrogen cyanide in aqueous solution. The rate of consumption of ONSCN depends strongly on the concentration of SCN - ions and is inhibited by nitric oxide. We have developed a reaction mechanism that comprises three parallel pathways for the decomposition of ONSCN. At high thiocyanate concentrations, two reaction pathways operate including a second order reaction to generate NO and (SCN) 2 and a reversible reaction between ONSCN and SCN - producing NO and (SCN) 2 -, with the rate limiting step corresponding to the consumption of (SCN) 2 - by reaction with ONSCN. The third reaction pathway, which becomes significant at low thiocyanate concentrations, involves formation of a previously unreported species, ONOSCN, via a reaction between ONSCN and HOSCN, the latter constituting an intermediate in the hydrolysis of (SCN) 2. ONOSCN contributes to the formation of NO via homolysis of the O-NO bond and subsequent dimerization and hydrolysis of OSCN. Fitting the chemical reactions of the model to the experimental measurements, which covered a wide range of reactant concentrations, afforded estimation of all relevant kinetic parameters and provided an excellent match. The reaction mechanism developed in this contribution may be applied to predict the rates of NO formation from ONSCN during the synthesis of azo dyes, the gassing of explosive emulsions, or nitrosation reactions occurring in the human body.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright: © 2011 American Chemical Society.
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