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Diverse novel mesorhizobia nodulate New Zealand native Sophora species

Tan, H.W., Heenan, P.B., De Meyer, S.E., Willems, A. and Andrews, M. (2015) Diverse novel mesorhizobia nodulate New Zealand native Sophora species. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 38 (2). pp. 91-98.

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Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2014.11.003
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Abstract

Forty eight rhizobial isolates from New Zealand (NZ) native Sophora spp. growing in natural ecosystems were characterised. Thirty eight isolates across five groups showed greatest similarity to Mesorhizobium ciceri LMG 14989T with respect to their 16S rRNA and concatenated recA, glnll and rpoB sequences. Seven isolates had a 16S rRNA sequence identical to M. amorphae ATCC 19665T but showed greatest similarity to M. septentrionale LMG 23930T on their concatenated recA, glnll and rpoB sequences. All isolates grouped closely together for their nifH, nodA and nodC sequences, clearly separate from all other rhizobia in the GenBank database. None of the type strains closest to the Sophora isolates based on 16S rRNA sequence similarity nodulated Sophora microphylla but they all nodulated their original host. Twenty one Sophora isolates selected from the different 16S rRNA groupings produced N2-fixing nodules on three Sophora spp. but none nodulated any host of the type strains for the related species. DNA hybridisations indicated that these isolates belong to novel Mesorhizobium spp. that nodulate NZ native Sophora species.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Rhizobium Studies
Publisher: Elsevier GmbH.
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier GmbH.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/25307
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