Control of Phytophthora cinnamomi by the fungicide phosphite in relation to in planta phosphite concentrations and phytotoxicity in native plant species in Western Australia
Barrett, S., Shearer, B.L. and Hardy, G.E.St.J. (2003) Control of Phytophthora cinnamomi by the fungicide phosphite in relation to in planta phosphite concentrations and phytotoxicity in native plant species in Western Australia. In: Phytophthora in Forests and Natural Ecosystems: 2nd International IUFRO Working Party 7.02.09 Meeting, 30 September - 5 October, 2001, Albany, Western Australia.
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Low volume aerial phosphite applications has been used in recent years at rates of up to 24 kg ha-1 to protect native plant species and communities threatened by Phytophthora cinnamomi while the recommended rate for spray to run-off phosphite application is 5 g L-1. Phosphite uptake and in planta phosphite concentrations in native plant species may vary considerably between species and with application rate as may the effectiveness of disease control and the duration of this control. Phytotoxicity symptoms post-spray include foliar necrosis, defoliation, growth abnormalities and chlorosis, reduced root growth and reproductive effects and these may also vary considerably between species. Phytotoxicity symptoms increase with increasing application rate but are generally mild at recommended rates. However, a percentage of species in the plant communities assessed show greater sensitivity to phosphite. Aerial phosphite application rates for native plant communities aims to maximise in planta phosphite concentrations in Phytophthora-susceptible species for disease control while minimising phytotoxicity symptoms in the species present.
|Publication Type:||Conference Paper|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology|
Centre for Phytophthora Science and Management
|Publisher:||Centre for Phytophthora Research and Management, Murdoch University|
|Copyright:||(c) Centre for Phytophthora Research and Management|
|Notes:||Phytophthora in Forests and Natural Ecosystems. 2nd International IUFRO Working Party 7.02.09 Meeting, Albany, W. Australia 30th Sept.- 5th Oct 2001 Eds. JA McComb, GE StJ Hardy and IC Tommerup (Murdoch University Print) pp 138-143|
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