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Helminth-nematode: anisakid nematodes

Lymbery, A.J. and Walters, J.A. (2014) Helminth-nematode: anisakid nematodes. In: Motarjemi, Y., Moy, G. and Todd, E., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Food Safety. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 78-82.

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Anisakiasis (Anisakidosis) refers to the infection with, or an allergic reaction to, larval stages of nematodes belonging to the family Anisakidae (and possibly Raphidascaridae). These worms, commonly called anisakids, are found in the flesh, viscera, or body cavity of fishes or cephalopod molluscs. People contact Anisakiasis by consuming infected fishes or cephalopods, or, more rarely, by exposure to allergens when handling fish products. The first case of Anisakiasis was described by Van Thiel, Kuipers, and Roskam in the Netherlands in 1960, when they reported the presence of a larval anisakid in a patient suffering acute abdominal pain. There has been a dramatic increase in the reported prevalence of Anisakiasis throughout the world in the past two decades.

Publication Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Academic Press
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
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