Driving under the influence of risky peers: An experimental study of adolescent risk taking
Centifanti, L.C.M., Modecki, K.L., MacLellan, S. and Gowling, H. (2016) Driving under the influence of risky peers: An experimental study of adolescent risk taking. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 26 (1). pp. 207-222.
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Both passive and active social influences may affect adolescents' dangerous driving. In this study, we used an experimental paradigm to delineate these two influences with actual peers. Adolescents completed a simulated driving task, and we measured risk preferences of each member of the peer group. We used hierarchical linear modeling to partition variance in risky decisions. Adolescents experienced many more crashes when they had “passengers” present who reported a strong preference for risk taking and who actively provided decision-making guidance. Although youth in the passive peer condition were also influenced by the riskiness of their peers, this relation was less strong relative to the active condition. We discuss the need for interventions focussing on active and passive peer influence.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Psychology and Exercise Science|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Inc.|
|Copyright:||© 2014 The Authors.|
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