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Dual effect of anionic surfactants in the electrodeposited MnO2 trafficking redox ions for energy storage

Biswal, A., Chandra Tripathy, B., Subbaiah, T., Meyrick, D. and Minakshi, M. (2015) Dual effect of anionic surfactants in the electrodeposited MnO2 trafficking redox ions for energy storage. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (1). A30-A38.

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The dual effect of in-situ addition of anionic surfactants, sodium octyl sulfate (SOS), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) on the microstructure and electrochemical properties of electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) produced from waste low grade manganese residue is discussed. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), BET-surface area studies, thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to determine the structure and chemistry of the EMD. All EMD samples were found to contain predominantly gamma-phase MnO2, which is electrochemically active for energy storage applications. FESEM images showed that needle, rod and flower shaped nano-particles with a porous surface and platy nano-particles were obtained in the case of EMD deposited with and without surfactant respectively. Thermal studies showed loss of structural water and formation of lower manganese oxides indicating high stability of the EMD samples. The cyclic voltammetry and charge - discharge characteristics implied the presence of surfactants enhances the energy storage within the MnO2 structure. Addition of the surfactant at its optimum concentration greatly increased the EMD surface area, which in turn improved the cycle life of the EMD cathode. EMD obtained in the presence of 25, 50, 25 ppm of SOS, SDS, and STS respectively showed an improved cycle life relative to the EMD obtained in the absence of surfactant. EMD obtained without surfactant showed a capacity fade of 20 mAh g(-1) within 15 discharge-charge cycles, while surfactant modified samples showed stable cyclic behavior of capacity 95 mAh g(-1) even after 15 cycles.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Electrochemical Society
Copyright: © The Author(s) 2014
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