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Passive broad-spectrum influenza immunoprophylaxis

Berry, C.M., Penhale, W.J. and Sangster, M.Y. (2014) Passive broad-spectrum influenza immunoprophylaxis. Influenza Research and Treatment, 2014 (Article ID 267594,).

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Abstract

Influenza is a perennial problem affecting millions of people annually with the everpresent threat of devastating pandemics. Active prophylaxis by vaccination against influenza virus is currently the main countermeasure supplemented with antivirals. However, disadvantages of this strategy include the impact of antigenic drift, necessitating constant updating of vaccine strain composition, and emerging antiviral drug resistance. The development of other options for influenza prophylaxis, particularly with broad acting agents able to provide protection in the period between the onset of a pandemic and the development of a strain specific vaccine, is of great interest. Exploitation of broad-spectrum mediators could provide barricade protection in the early critical phase of influenza virus outbreaks. Passive immunity has the potential to provide immediate antiviral effects, inhibiting virus replication, reducing virus shedding, and thereby protecting vulnerable populations in the event of an impending influenza pandemic. Here, we review passive broad-spectrum influenza prophylaxis options with a focus on harnessing natural host defenses, including interferons and antibodies.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Copyright: © 2014 Cassandra M. Berry et al.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/24340
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