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Vernalization gene combination to maximize grain yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in diverse environments

Zhang, J., Dell, B., Biddulph, B., Khan, N., Xu, Y., Luo, H. and Appels, R. (2014) Vernalization gene combination to maximize grain yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in diverse environments. Euphytica, 198 (3). pp. 439-454.

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The major vernalisation genes of VRN1 are well understood at the molecular level. However, their quantitative contributions to flowering time and grain yield related traits are not clear. In this study, we used a double haploid population (225 lines) of Westonia × Kauz in which the Vrn-A1a (Westonia), Vrn-B1a (Westonia) and Vrn-D1a (Kauz) were segregating, and a high resolution genetic map of 1,159 loci, to determine the quantitative contributions of Vrn-A1a, Vrn-B1a and Vrn-D1a for the days to anthesis and grain yield related traits in diverse environments. The major quantitative trait loci (QTL) of spikelet number per spike and days to anthesis were contributed by the winter alleles of VRN1. The QTL of the time of grain filling were contributed by the spring alleles of VRN1. The wild genotype (vrn-A1vrn-B1vrn-D1) showed the latest flowering, the highest spikelet number per spike, lowest peduncle proportion and thousand grain weight in three environmental analyses, and the largest spikelet number per spike, which resulted in high kernel number per spike (KN) and grain weight (GW) in well-watered environments. One QTL of KN was located on 5B, contributed by winter allele of vrn-B1 in three environmental analyses, and one GW QTL was detected on 5A, contributed by the spring allele of Vrn-A1a in a drought environment. The results indicated that the genotype Vrn-A1avrn-B1Vrn-D1a would shorten the time to anthesis and give high GW and KN in drought environments. The early anthesis associated phenotype, peduncle proportion would provide an indicator in breeding programs.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Comparative Genomics
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright: © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
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