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Cryptosporidium species in sheep and goats from Papua New Guinea

Koinari, M., Lymbery, A.J. and Ryan, U.M. (2014) Cryptosporidium species in sheep and goats from Papua New Guinea. Experimental Parasitology, 141 . pp. 134-137.

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Species of Cryptosporidium are extensively recognised as pathogens of domesticated livestock and poultry, companion animals, wildlife, and are a threat to public health. Little is known of the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in humans, domesticated animals or wildlife in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The aim of the present study was to screen sheep and goats for Cryptosporidium using molecular tools. A total of 504 faecal samples were collected from sheep (n= 276) and goats (n= 228) in village, government and institutional farms in PNG. Samples were screened by nested PCR and genotyped at the 18S rRNA and at the 60. kDa glycoprotein (gp60) loci. The overall prevalences were 2.2% for sheep (6/278) and 4.4% (10/228) for goats. The species/genotypes identified were Cryptosporidium hominis (subtype IdA15G1) in goats ( n= 6), Cryptosporidium parvum (subtypes IIaA15G2R1and IIaA19G4R1) in sheep (n= 4) and in goats ( n= 2), Cryptosporidium andersoni ( n= 1) and Cryptosporidium scrofarum ( n= 1) in sheep, Cryptosporidium xiao (n= 1) and Cryptosporidium rat genotype II ( n= 1) in goats. This is the first report of Cryptosporidium spp. identified in sheep and goats in PNG. Identification of Cryptosporidium in livestock warrants better care of farm animals to avoid contamination and illness in vulnerable population. The detection of zoonotic Cryptosporidium in livestock suggests these animals may serve as reservoirs for human infection.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Academic Press
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
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