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The diagnosis and management of a case of leishmaniosis in a dog imported to Australia

Best, M.P., Ash, A., Bergfeld, J. and Barrett, J. (2014) The diagnosis and management of a case of leishmaniosis in a dog imported to Australia. Veterinary Parasitology, 202 (3-4). pp. 292-295.

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Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.03.032
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Abstract

This case study discusses in detail for the first time the diagnosis and management of a case of leishmaniosis in a dog imported to Australia. The dog presented with epistaxis and a non-regenerative anaemia five years after being imported from Europe. Protozoa were identified within macrophages in bone marrow and splenic cytology. A Leishmania indirect fluorescent antibody test was performed and was positive while an Ehrlichia canis antibody test was negative. Polymerase chain reaction of the ITS-1 and ITS-2 regions of skin, lymph node, spleen and bone marrow were all positive for Leishmania infantum. The dog was treated with amphotericin B with a strong clinical response. The importance of thorough diagnostics in non-endemic areas, particularly Australia, is discussed. Treatment with amphotericin B is discussed. Vigilance, disease reporting and response frameworks are recommended for non-endemic areas.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/22077
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