Two distinct mutations in a single dystrophin gene: Identification of an altered splice-site as the primary becker muscular dystrophy mutation
Wilton, S.D., Johnsen, R.D., Pedretti, J.R. and Laing, N.G. (1993) Two distinct mutations in a single dystrophin gene: Identification of an altered splice-site as the primary becker muscular dystrophy mutation. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, 46 (5). pp. 563-569.
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A single base change in the 5′ splice-site of intron 19 has been identified as the cause of the Becker muscular dystrophy in a family which had previously been deduced to carry both a major deletion and another, at that stage unidentified, mutation in the same dystrophin gene [Laing et al., 1992]. RNA from a muscle biopsy of one of the Becker muscular dystrophy patients in the family was analysed using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to study the mature gene transcript. Exon 19 was deleted from the dystrophin mRNA but present at the genomic level. The loss of exon 19 in the mature mRNA was found to be, associated with an A to C mutation in the 5′ splice site of intron 19. Deletion of exon 19 should alter the reading frame of the mRNA and be associated with a severe from of muscular dystrophy; however, low levels of normal-size dystrophin message and dystrophin were present in this patient. The distance between the splice-site mutation and the secondary deletion in the dystrophin gene is such that it would seem unlikely that the initial base change could act as permutation for the deletion. Specific primers to detect the splice-site mutation have been designed and used to genotype all relatives.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright:||© 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.|
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