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Molecular analysis of a spontaneous dystrophin `knockout' dog

Schatzberg, S.J., Olby, N.J., Breen, M., Anderson, L.V.B., Langford, C.F., Dickens, H.F., Wilton, S.D., Zeiss, C.J., Binns, M.M., Kornegay, J.N., Morris, G.E. and Sharp, N.J.H. (1999) Molecular analysis of a spontaneous dystrophin `knockout' dog. Neuromuscular Disorders, 9 (5). pp. 289-295.

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We have determined the molecular basis for skeletal myopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy in two male German short-haired pointer (GSHP) littermates. Analysis of skeletal muscle demonstrated a complete absence of dystrophin on Western blot analysis. PCR analysis of genomic DNA revealed a deletion encompassing the entire dystrophin gene. Molecular cytogenetic analysis of lymphocytes from the dam and both dystrophic pups confirmed a visible deletion in the p21 region of the affected canine X chromosome. Utrophin is up-regulated in the skeletal muscle, but does not appear to ameliorate the dystrophic canine phenotype. This new canine model should further our understanding of the physiological and biochemical processes in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: 1999 Elsevier B.V.
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