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Changes in coenzyme A and carnitine concentrations in superovulated rats

Costa, N.D. and Stevenson, P.M. (1984) Changes in coenzyme A and carnitine concentrations in superovulated rats. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism, 792 (2). pp. 130-4.

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Changes in the concentrations of total coenzyme A, acetyl CoA, free carnitine and acetylcarnitine were measured in ovaries from immature rats before and after superovulation with 50 I.U. pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin. In addition, the concentrations of total CoA and total acid-soluble carnitine were measured in liver, adrenal glands and skeletal muscle from the same rats. Ovarian concentrations of total CoA, free carnitine and acetylcarnitine increased 3-fold on gonadotropin stimulation, whereas there was no marked change in total CoA and acid-soluble carnitine concentrations in the other organs. In ovary, the ratio of free CoA to acetyl CoA was about 2:1 during the growth period of follicular development and during active steroidogenesis in the luteal phase, but less than 1 when replication stopped and ovulation occurred. These results show that during periods of high energy demand the ovary has a good capacity to accommodate fatty acid oxidation, and supports the evidence that fatty acids are the major source of reducing equivalents for steroidogenesis at these times.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 1984 Elsevier BV
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