Light and electron microscopical studies of the immunoperoxidase staining of multiple sclerosis plaques using antisera to a feline-derived agent and to galactocerebroside
Cook, R.D., Flower, R.L.P. and Dutton, N.S. (1986) Light and electron microscopical studies of the immunoperoxidase staining of multiple sclerosis plaques using antisera to a feline-derived agent and to galactocerebroside. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology, 12 (1). pp. 63-79.
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Antibodies have been raised to two agents (CCA147 and MV631) that were isolated from central nervous tissue of cats. The cells co-cultivated with these agents are characterized by the presence of cytoplasmic inclusions consisting of 16–18 nm diameter tubular elements morphologically similar to inclusions seen in a demyelinating condition in cats and to inclusions described as ‘curved linear profiles’ in multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques. The peroxidase-labelled antibodies to CCA147 and MV631 stain these inclusions in MS plaques as well as small virus-like particles. The antisera do not stain normal white matter either in MS or non-MS brain tissue. The staining reaction of one agent is blocked by pretreatment with antisera to the other agent and also by pretreatment with MS sera but not by normal human sera. Peroxidase-labelled antibody to galactocerebroside stains normal myelin and myelin debris within MS plaques but does not stain the ‘curved linear profiles’ that are stained by the labelled antibodies to the feline-derived agents. The results show that the ‘curved linear profiles’ described in MS plaques are not myelin degradation products, but are comparable to the nucleocapsids of morbilliviruses. In addition, the small virus-like particles are morphologically similar to morbillivirus virions. The results are discussed with particular emphasis on the features of the morbilliviruses, canine distemper and measles viruses.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary Studies|
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