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Mesorhizobium australicum sp. nov. and Mesorhizobium opportunistum sp. nov., isolated from Biserrula pelecinus L. in Australia

Nandasena, K.G., O'Hara, G.W., Tiwari, R.P., Willems, A. and Howieson, J.G. (2009) Mesorhizobium australicum sp. nov. and Mesorhizobium opportunistum sp. nov., isolated from Biserrula pelecinus L. in Australia. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 59 (9). pp. 2140-2147.

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    Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.005728-0
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    Abstract

    Biserrula pelecinus L. is a pasture legume that was introduced to Australia from the Mediterranean basin in 1993. Although the native rhizobial population could not nodulate B. pelecinus at the time of its introduction, recent research has shown the emergence of a diversity of strains (novel isolates) that are able to do so. Three novel isolates, WSM2073T, WSM2074 and WSM2076, had nearly identical 16S rRNA gene sequences, and clustered separately with all recognized species of the genus Mesorhizobium. Conversely, the novel isolate WSM2075T had >23 nt mismatches with the above three isolates. All four novel isolates shared 97-99% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strains of all recognized Mesorhizobium species. However, strains WSM2073T, WSM2074 and WSM2076 showed <95.2% dnaK gene sequence similarity to the type strains of recognized Mesorhizobium species, and <92.9% to WSM2075T (which also shared <95.5% dnaK gene sequence similarity to the type strains of recognized Mesorhizobium species). Results for GSII gene sequencing were consistent with those for the dnaK gene. The fatty acid profiles of the novel isolates were diagnostic of root-nodule bacteria, but did not match those of recognized bacterial species. Strain WSM2075T had a significantly different fatty acid profile from the other three isolates. The above results indicated that strains WSM2073T, WSM2074 and WSM2076 represent the same species. Strain WSM2073T showed <45% DNA-DNA relatedness and WSM2075T <50% DNA-DNA relatedness with the type strains of recognized Mesorhizobium species; these two novel isolates shared 59% DNA-DNA relatedness. Collectively, these data indicate that strains WSM2073T, WSM2074 and WSM2076, and strain WSM2075T belong to two novel species of the genus Mesorhizobium, for which the names Mesorhizobium australicum sp. nov. and Mesorhizobium opportunistum sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strain of Mesorhizobium australicum sp. nov. is WSM2073T (=LMG 24608T=HAMBI 3006T) and the type strain of Mesorhizobium opportunistum sp. nov. is WSM2075T (=LMG 24607T=HAMBI 3007T).

    Publication Type: Journal Article
    Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Rhizobium Studies
    Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
    Copyright: © 2009 IUMS
    URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/2045
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