The effect of trigeminal nociceptive stimulation on blink reflexes and pain evoked by stimulation of the supraorbital nerve
Drummond, P.D. (2003) The effect of trigeminal nociceptive stimulation on blink reflexes and pain evoked by stimulation of the supraorbital nerve. Cephalalgia, 23 (7). pp. 534-540.
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of painful conditioning stimuli on pain and blink reflexes to supraorbital nerve stimulation. Electromyograph activity was recorded bilaterally from the orbicularis oculi muscles in 13 normal participants in response to low (2.3 mA) and high-intensity (18.6 mA) electrical stimulation of the left supraorbital nerve before, during and after the application of ice to the left or right temple or immersion of the left hand in ice-water for 60 s. The pain evoked by the high-intensity electrical stimulus was greater during painful conditioning stimulation of the ipsilateral temple than during the recovery period afterwards, and was greater than during painful conditioning stimulation of the contralateral temple. These findings imply that spatial summation of nociceptive signals across different divisions of the trigeminal nerve can heighten pain. However, painful conditioning stimulation, particularly to the right temple, strongly suppressed the R2 component of the blink reflex to the low-intensity stimulus, and also suppressed R2 to the high-intensity stimulus. Thus, an inhibitory influence (e.g. diffuse noxious inhibitory controls) appeared to mask ipsilateral segmental facilitation of R2 during ice-induced headache. This finding contrasts with recent electrophysiological evidence of trigeminal sensitization in migraine.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Psychology|
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