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Nutrient utilisation by the hindlimb of Thoroughbred horses at rest

Pethick, D.W., Rose, R.J., Bryden, W.L. and Gooden, J.M. (1993) Nutrient utilisation by the hindlimb of Thoroughbred horses at rest. Equine Veterinary Journal, 25 (1). pp. 41-44.

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Nutrient uptake by the hindlimb was investigated utilising the arteriovenous difference technique in 5 Thoroughbred horses fed to maintenance a diet of 100% roughage or 52% oat grain and 48% roughage. Arterial blood was obtained from a catheter inserted into the carotid artery while venous blood was simultaneously collected from a catheter placed into the iliac vein via the medial saphenous vein. The arteriovenous difference for glucose was significant and represented a mean extraction of 10 ± 1% with no effect of diet. If fully oxidised, glucose uptake (corrected for lactate and pyruvate arteriovenous difference) was sufficient to account for 78 ± 13% or 107 ± 15% of the oxygen consumed by the hindlimb in horses fed a roughage or 52% oat grain diet respectively. Acetate was also a major metabolite of the hindlimb, showing a 39 ± 5% extraction with no effect of diet. However, the 52% oat grain diet did induce a significant decline in the concentration of acetate in arterial blood. The potential contribution to oxidation in the hindlimb was significantly reduced from 32 ± 4% in horses fed roughage to 21 ± 3% when fed 52% oat grain. D-3-Hydroxybutyrate uptake could account for 9 ± 1% of the oxidation by the hindlimb with no effect of diet. The technique for measuring nutrient uptake across the hindlimb using the arteriovenous difference is relatively simple and would be valuable in investigating fuel use by muscle during exercise.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd.
Copyright: © 1993 EVJ Ltd
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