Breast cancer: An increasing public health problem in the Asia Pacific region
Binns, C., Low, W.Y. and Lee, M.K. (2013) Breast cancer: An increasing public health problem in the Asia Pacific region. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 25 (5). pp. 364-367.
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Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women in both developed and less developed countries, although in terms of mortality it may be overtaken by lung cancer in the near future as more women smoke. In Asia, the age-adjusted mortality rate is 9.5 deaths per 100 000 compared with 16.9 per 100 000 in Europe. Within the countries that belong to the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH), there is considerable variation in mortality rates. Countries such as China, Mongolia, and Vietnam have mortality rates in the range of 3.4 to 5.7 deaths per 100 000, while at the other end of the scale Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, and the United States have rates ranging from 13.6 to 14.7 per 100 000. Japan lies between these groups with a rate of 9.2 (all data from IARC Globocan where the most recent data are from 2008).1 It is likely that some of the differences between regions are due to underreporting and there may be some genetic differences, including the BRCA1/2 variants. However, the results of migrant studies and international differences suggest that there are modifiable risk factors important in the etiology of breast cancer.2 The challenge for public health in our region is identifying the modifiable risk factors and to implement public health strategies to address them. The systematic review on breast cancer in this month’s journal issue explores some of these factors.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Health Professions|
|Copyright:||© 2013 APJPH|
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