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Assessment of the respiratory actions of intramuscular morphine in conscious dogs

Cullen, L.K., Raffe, M.R., Randall, D.A. and Bing, D.R. (1999) Assessment of the respiratory actions of intramuscular morphine in conscious dogs. Research in Veterinary Science, 67 (2). pp. 141-148.

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The actions on the respiratory system of 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg kg -1 morphine given intramuscularly were studied in conscious dogs. Dogs breathed oxygen with 0, 2 and 4 per cent CO 2, in that order, through a mask attached to a flow sensor and connected to a respiratory mechanics monitor. When a steady state period of respiration was reached breathing pure oxygen, respiratory rate, tidal volume, respiratory minute volume, peak expiratory flow rate and end tidal CO 2 (PetCO 2) were measured. The respiratory minute volume and PetCO 2 were measured when the dogs breathed 2 and 4 per cent CO 2 in oxygen, the points plotted onto a graph and the gradient of the line, describing the PCO 2/ventilation response, plus the intercept with the y-axis were determined. Measurements for each morphine dose were taken before injection and at 30 minutes, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post injection. The incidence of panting after morphine was dose related and it occurred in all dogs given the high dose. Morphine reduced the gradients of the PCO 2/ventilation response lines and raised the intercept. Other changes were increased respiratory minute volume and peak expiratory flow and decreased PetCO 2 and tidal volume.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Harcourt Publishers Ltd
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