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Genetic diversity of beak and feather disease virus detected in psittacine species in Australia

Bassami, M.R., Ypelaar, I., Berryman, D., Wilcox, G.E. and Raidal, S.R. (2001) Genetic diversity of beak and feather disease virus detected in psittacine species in Australia. Virology, 279 (2). pp. 392-400.

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The complete nucleotide (nt) sequence of eight isolates of beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) obtained from a range of psittacine species with psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) from throughout Australia were compared with the sequences of two BFDV isolates previously reported from Australia (BFDV-AUS) and America (BFDV-USA), respectively. All isolates had the same basic structure including the position of the open reading frames, the hairpin structure between ORF1 and ORF2, the nonanucleotide motif (TAGTATTAC) therein, the three motifs of Rep protein encoded from ORF1 and involved in rolling circle replication, and the P-loop motif previously described, but the genome size of the eight isolates ranged from 1992 to 2018 nt. Overall nt identity of the isolates compared to BFDV-AUS ranged from 84 to 97%; the variation was due to a combination of point mutations and a number of deletions and insertions ranging from 1 to 17 nt in size detected in both coding and noncoding regions. The identity of the nt sequence of ORF2 compared to BFDV-AUS varied from 80 to 99%, while the identity of the deduced amino acid sequences varied from 73 to 99%. Phylogenetic analysis grouped the isolates into four clusters but there were no apparent regional differences or differences related to the psittacine species of origin. While seven ORFs with the potential to encode proteins greater than 8.7 kDa were detected in the BFDV-AUS isolate described previously, only three of these ORFs were detected in all 10 BFDV isolates for which sequence data were available. The three ORFs were ORF1 that presumably encodes the Rep protein, ORF2 presumably the major capsid protein, and the ORF previously designated ORF5. The ORF5 was of two size classes in different isolates, 303 and 474 nt, and only the first 303 nt of the viruses with an ORF of 474 nt were common to the other isolates.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2001 Academic Press.
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