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The Press in 'New Order' Indonesia: Entering the 1990s

Hill, D.T. (1991) The Press in 'New Order' Indonesia: Entering the 1990s. Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia.

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This Working Paper presents a preliminary survey of developments in the Press industry in Indonesia since 1965. It is intended for those who seek a brief introduction to, and analysis of, the Indonesian print media today. The focus is generally on national daily newspapers, although reference will be made to major news weeklies, periodicals and magazines, together with certain significant regional publications. It concentrates primarily on the rapid changes which have taken place over the past decade, locating these developments within the context of relations between the press and the state after the ascension from 1965 of Major-General Suharto and the government dubbed the ‘New Order’.

After providing a brief account of the historical antecedents of the ‘New Order.’ press, the discussion will highlight key points of friction, and some of the controls within which the industry operates. Attention will be given also to expanding circulations and markets, and changing patterns of ownership and financial control, particularly the emergence of press empires. Four major metropolitan press conglomerates will be discussed in some depth: those centred on Kompas, Suara Pembantan, Tempo and the relative newcomer Media Indonesia. Various organisational press bodies, such as the Press Council, the Journalists Association and the Newspaper Publishers Association, are themselves significant regulatory structures which will then be examined. After raising some of the challenges which face the changing press in the 1990s, the Working Paper concludes with some brief comments on press-related aspects of Australian-Indonesian bi-lateral relations.

Publication Type: Working Paper
Murdoch Affiliation: Asia Research Centre
School of Arts
Series Name: Working Paper. Asia Research Centre. No. 1
Publisher: Murdoch University
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