Autocatalyst-derived platinum, palladium and rhodium (PGE) in infiltration basin and wetland sediments receiving urban runoff
Whiteley, J.D. and Murray, F. (2005) Autocatalyst-derived platinum, palladium and rhodium (PGE) in infiltration basin and wetland sediments receiving urban runoff. Science of The Total Environment, 341 (1-3). pp. 199-209.
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The emission of platinum group elements (PGE) from automobile catalytic converters has led to rapid increases in Pt, Pd and Rh concentrations in roadside media. Significant quantities of the PGE may enter and accumulate in fluvial systems via road runoff. This paper examines the occurrence and spatial distribution of autocatalyst-derived PGE in surface sediments of infiltration basin and wetland sediments receiving road-runoff in Perth, Western Australia. Samples were analysed by ICP-MS following microwave digestion and cation exchange. PGE concentrations ranged between 1.5-17.2 Rh, 5.4-61.2 Pd and 9.0-103.8 ng g-1 Pt. The highest levels of PGE were generally found at basin topographic low points and these concentrations were found to be strongly related to the area of road surface drained and the traffic volume. PGE ratios in infiltration basin and wetland sediments were within the typical range of catalytic converter compositions. However, comparisons of PGE ratios between parent road dusts and infiltration basin sediments revealed a systematic shift in Pt/Pd ratios, suggesting that PGE fractionation can occur during transport through the drainage system and that a small portion of Pd in road dust may be solubilised under natural conditions.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Environmental Science|
|Copyright:||© 2004 Elsevier B.V|
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