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Sandy soils in south central coastal Vietnam: their origin, constraints and management

Hoang, T.T.H., Phan, T.C., Hoang, M.T., Chen, W. and Bell, R.W. (2010) Sandy soils in south central coastal Vietnam: their origin, constraints and management. In: Gilkes RJ, Prakongkep N, editors. Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science; Soil Solutions for a Changing World; Published on DVD;, 1 - 6 August, Brisbane, Australia, pp 251-254 pp. 251-254.

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In Vietnam, sandy soils are distributed mainly in the coastal central provinces where they occupy 337,768 ha comprising 63 % of the nation’s sandy soils, and they are also important to regional economic growth where more than 10 million people are living i.e.14 % of the Vietnamese population. The sandy materials in the central coastal Vietnam originate from mostly in situ weathering of granite although aeolian sediments are parent materials for sandy soils also. Sandy soils have a wide range of limiting factors for agricultural production, including nutrient deficiencies, acidity, low water holding capacity and wind erosion risk (on coastal dunal sands). Although there are soil fertility constraints to the use of sandy soils in Vietnam, 79,076 ha has been utilized in agriculture. Developing integrated nutrient management practices are needed to improve soil physical, chemical and biological fertilities of sandy soils. For example, systematic use of farmyard manures, crop residues, green manures, and alley cropping need to be considered. Developing integrated nutrient management practices also need to address environmental considerations by matching nutrient applications to crop needs and amending soils to minimise nutrient losses to water. Developing new soil management technologies (such as use of biochar, slow release fertilisers and minimum tillage) is also important for sustainable management of sandy soils in Vietnam.

Publication Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Environmental Science
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