Lycopene-ε-cyclase (e-LCY3A) is functionally associated with quantitative trait loci for flour b* colour on chromosome 3A in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Crawford, A.C. and Francki, M.G. (2013) Lycopene-ε-cyclase (e-LCY3A) is functionally associated with quantitative trait loci for flour b* colour on chromosome 3A in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Molecular Breeding, 31 (3). pp. 737-741.
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Flour b* colour is an important grain quality parameter for specific wheat end-products. The genetic control of b* colour in Australian wheat accessions is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL) on chromosomes 3A, 3B, 7A and 7B accumulating lutein, a compound of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway. The relationship between lutein accumulation and flour b* colour provides an opportunity to identify sequence variants of genes encoding enzymes from the biosynthetic pathway that may control trait variation. This study identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the gene encoding lycopene-ε-cylcase on chromosome 3A (e-LYC3A) between two wheat accessions Ajana and WAWHT2074, identifying two alleles, e-LYC3Aa and e-LYC3Ab, respectively. e-LCY3Ab was present in 62. 5 % of the wheat accessions analysed. A highly significant (P < 0. 01) association with QTL on chromosome 3A in two mapping populations indicated that e-LYC3A is functionally associated with b* colour variation in some Australian wheat accessions. The SNP induced a serine/glycine substitution at amino acid residue 123 and a subtle change in protein folding at amino acid residue 119. The e-LYC3A SNP may be considered along with other alleles and genes on homoeologous group 3 and 7 chromosomes for selecting desirable flour b* colour variation in marker-assisted breeding.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Copyright:||© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht|
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