Investigating fundamental properties of wind turbine wake structure using Particle Image Velocimetry
Whale, J. (1996) Investigating fundamental properties of wind turbine wake structure using Particle Image Velocimetry. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Energy Agency Symposium on Wind Turbine Aerodynamics, 16 - 17 December, Edinburgh, Scotland
Low Reynolds number flow visualisation tests are often used for showing the flow pattern changes associated with changes in lift-coefficients at a higher Reynolds number. In wind turbine studies, analysis of measured wake structures at small scale may reveal fundamental properties of the wake which will offer wake modellers a more complete understanding of rotor flows.
Measurements are presented from experiments on a model wind turbine rig conducted in a water channel. The laser-optics technique of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to make simultaneous multi-point measurements of the wake flow behind small-scale rotors. Analysis of the PIV data shows trends in velocity and vorticity structure in the wake. Study of the flow close to the rotor plane reveals information on stalled flow and blade performance.
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