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Youth, livelihood and development in post conflict states: The case of Liberia

Dulleh, Seyeh (2012) Youth, livelihood and development in post conflict states: The case of Liberia. Masters by Coursework thesis, Murdoch University.

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Since the end of the Cold War there has been a trend on the part of the international community toward the portrayal of youth participation in violent conflict as criminal motivation with the desire of material gains in the general context of deprivation in the form of poverty rather than political or ideological motivation. However, there is emerging empirical evidence that youth participation in armed conflict cannot be separated from the general political roots of the conflict (Kunkeler & Peters 2011:277). It is suggested that youth participation in livelihood activities is an opportunity to address the material needs within the general context of youth deprivation in societies where youth suffer from lack of access to resources which constitute the foundation for intra-state conflict in many societies. This brings a new frontier in policy analysis in the area of youth policy development for the purpose of ending conflicts and sustaining peace in post conflict situations. Using Liberia as a case study, this thesis is reviewing the post conflict management of youth including ex-combatants in relation to livelihoods development through the application of sustainable livelihoods framework. The paper will examine post conflict situations in Liberia to identify the causes of intra-state conflict and best practice to address those causal factors and make recommendations for development practitioners for the consolidation of peace and sustainable development in post conflict Liberia. This thesis argues that increasing the participation of young people in social, political and economic activities is fundamental to the sustainability of peace and development.

Publication Type: Thesis (Masters by Coursework)
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Social Sciences and Humanities
Supervisor: Wilson, Ian
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