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Risk factors for gastric ulcers in Australian pigs at slaughter

Robertson, I.D., Accioly, J.M., Moore, K.M., Driesen, S.J., Pethick, D.W. and Hampson, D.J. (2002) Risk factors for gastric ulcers in Australian pigs at slaughter. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 53 (4). pp. 293-303.

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The stomachs of pigs (n = 15, 741) originating from 136 herds from the Australian states of Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria and New South Wales were examined at slaughter for the presence of oesophago-gastric ulcers (OGUs). Stomachs were categorised as being normal, hyperkeratotic, eroded, ulcerated, or having strictures. A questionnaire was distributed to piggery owners to identify factors associated with an above-average herd prevalence of OGU. Thirty percent of all pigs examined had OGU (median within-herd prevalence of 17%). The median within-herd prevalence in Victoria (53%) was significantly higher than in Western Australia (30%) or Queensland (7%). The prevalence of OGU in culled breeding animals was significantly higher than in porkers or baconers from the same herds. There was no difference between the prevalence of OGU in male and female pigs sampled from the same Western Australian herds. The relationship between OGU and herd and pig risk factors was assessed by random effects logistic-regression analysis. Herds with a high prevalence of OGU were more likely to feed ad libitum (OR = 13.7), use automated feeding systems (OR = 7.8), feed a pelleted ration (OR = 384) and get water from a dam rather than from a bore or river (OR = 3.8). Furthermore, for every change in the ration formulation for finisher pigs, the risk of OGU increased 1.5 times.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2002 Elsevier Science B. V.
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