Skeletal myopathy in juvenile barramundi, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), cultured in potassium-deficient saline groundwater
Partridge, G.J. and Creeper, J. (2004) Skeletal myopathy in juvenile barramundi, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), cultured in potassium-deficient saline groundwater. Journal of Fish Diseases, 27 (9). pp. 523-530.
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Saline groundwater is being pumped from a number of locations in rural Western Australia to prevent secondary salinity impacting farmland, rural infrastructure and areas with high conservation value. Aquaculture may offset the costs of groundwater pumping, and the suitability of groundwater for finfish aquaculture is being assessed through bioassays. There are marked spatial variations in the ionic composition of saline ground water in Western Australia and this paper describes two bioassays investigating a saline, potassium-deficient water source that resulted in mortalities in juvenile barramundi, Lates calcarifer (Bloch). Histopathological examination revealed severe degeneration and necrosis of skeletal muscles, marked hyperplasia of branchial chloride cells and renal tubular necrosis. Clinical chemistry findings included hypernatraemia and hyperchloridaemia of the blood plasma and lowered muscle potassium levels. It is concluded that the principal cause of death was skeletal myopathy induced by low water potassium levels.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Ltd|
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