An appropriate technology solar water heater for remote communities
Anda, M. and Ho, G. (1989) An appropriate technology solar water heater for remote communities. In: Workshop on Water Supply, Water Use and Waste Disposal for Remote Communities, 27 September, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia pp. 1-17.
Ill-health in Aboriginal communities exists today in modern, affluent Australia and is well documented.
It appears that there has been some improvement in the infant mortality rate. For instance, in the Northern Territory the figure was 143/1000 in 1971 dropping to 30/1000 in 1981, which was still lamentable compared to the national rate in 1981 of 10/1000 (1). Today the growth of Aboriginal children in remote communities is still permanently impaired from widespread undernutrition, infections and trachoma (2). Adult mortality, however, is probably rising particularly as a result of 'lifestyle' diseases - heart disease, diabetes, obesity, alcoholism, accidents and violence.
It is widely acknowledged that to improve the conditions of health in Aboriginal communities an integrated approach to the provision of services, education and community-based and controlled health organisations is required (3) (4). Indeed many examples of successful work to date are amongst us today, e.g. The Centre For Appropriate Technology of Alice Springs and The Aboriginal Medical Service of Perth. Diseases prevalent in Aboriginal communities include diarrhoea, respiratory infections, pnuemonia, skin infections, trachoma, scabies and kidney disease. The prevention and cure of these are dependent, in physical terms, on medical services, reticulated water supplies for drinking and washing, shelter and nutritional food.
This project addresses the need for adequate washing facilities. While only one component of the required integrated approach, provision of hot water for washing will assist in overcoming the diseases listed above. Children under five years of age, for instance, should have the facilities to wash twice a day to minimise the incidence of these diseases (5).
|Publication Type:||Conference Paper|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Environmental Science|
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