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Performance of the rural health improvement scheme in reducing the incidence of waterborne diseases in rural Sarawak, Malaysia

Liew, K.B. and Lepesteur, M. (2006) Performance of the rural health improvement scheme in reducing the incidence of waterborne diseases in rural Sarawak, Malaysia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 100 (10). pp. 949-955.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2005.11.018
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Abstract

This study evaluates and discusses the impact of the rural health improvement scheme in reducing the incidence of dysentery, enteric fever, cholera and viral hepatitis in Sarawak, Malaysia, using data compiled from state and federal health department reports. This study suggests that from 1963 to 2002, water supply intervention contributed to a more than 200-fold decrease in dysentery and a 60-fold decrease in enteric fever. Variations in reporting of viral hepatitis during that period make it difficult to detect a trend. Cholera was still endemic in 2002. Cholera and dysentery outbreaks, occurring when rural populations relied on contaminated rivers for their water supply, suggested that sanitation intervention was not as effective in reducing waterborne diseases. Recommendations are made for successive one-component interventions focusing on catchment management to ensure protection of current and alternative water supplies.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Environmental Science
Publisher: Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Copyright: © 2006 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/11539
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