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Indonesia in the 21st Century: Environment at the Crossroads

Koffel, P. (1998) Indonesia in the 21st Century: Environment at the Crossroads. In: Koffel, P., Lowe, B., Ho, G., Newman, P., Tjaturono, and Sedyowati, L., (eds.) Environmental technology : applications in principle and practice : proceedings of an International Symposium held at Merdeka University, Malang, Indonesia, July 1-3 1996. Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, pp. 83-94.

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    This paper aims to look at Indonesia's state of the environment at the end of the second 25 year Long Term Plan (Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Kedua -PJPT II), and also aims to signal a warning for Indonesia to put things in order and not to carry on with "business as usual". The "warning" stems from the concept of the Precautionary Principle which focuses on a worst case scenario and from there makes three appeals -the need to halt pollution in advance of concrete knowledge about its impacts, the need to take responsibility for pollution that is occurring, and like this paper itself, appeals to the idea that "common sense" must prevail if development is to be sustainable.

    Publication Type: Book Chapter
    Murdoch Affiliation: Institute for Science and Technology Policy
    Publisher: Murdoch University
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