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Rate of precipitation of ferrous iron and formation of mixed iron-calcium carbonates by naturally occurring carbonate materials

Wajon, J.E., Ho, G.E. and Murphy, P.J. (1985) Rate of precipitation of ferrous iron and formation of mixed iron-calcium carbonates by naturally occurring carbonate materials. Water Research, 19 (7). pp. 831-837.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(85)90140-X
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Abstract

The precipitation of iron from an iron sulphate containing wastewater by aragonite, calcite and a variety of limestones and limesands was examined at pH values near 6 in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Siderite (ferrous carbonate) and a calcium siderite containing 10 mol% calcium were the only iron-containing products detected by XRD, and accounted for substantially all the iron removed from solution. Calcium siderite was the major product and constituted between 50 and 100% of the iron containing product. The rate of precipitation of iron was proportional to the square of the supersaturation of the solution with respect to siderite, and increased with increase in pH and alkalinity. Precipitation occurred at different rates with different carbonate materials, tending to increase with increasing proportion of aragonite in the material. Precipitation did not occur in suspensions of calcite and was slow even in suspensions of aragonite where equilibrium was not reached within 40 days. These data suggest that the frequent occurrence of groundwaters apparently supersaturated with respect to siderite may be due to slow precipitation of siderite, or to equilibrium of the groundwater with respect to a more soluble calcium siderite. The minerals present in an aquifer thus need to be identified before the saturation state of the associated groundwater with repect to siderite can be ascertained.

The precipitation of iron from an iron sulfate containing wastewater by aragonite, calcite and a variety of limestones and limesands was examined at pH values near 6 in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Siderite (ferrous carbonate) and a calcium siderite containing 10 mol% calcium were the only iron-containing products detected by XRD, and accounted for substantially all the iron removed from solution. Calcium siderite was the major product and constituted between 50 and 100% of the iron containing product. The rate of precipitation of iron was proportional to the square of the supersaturation of the solution with respect to siderite, and increased with increase in pH and alkalinity. Precipitation occurred at different rates with different carbonate materials, tending to increase with proportion of aragonite in the material. Precipitation did not occur in suspensions of calcite and was slow even in suspensions of aragonite where equilibrium was not reached within 40 days.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/11207
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