Temperature dependence of the dielectric properties and dynamics of ionic liquids
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Dielectric spectra were measured for eight, mostly imidazolium-based, room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) over a wide range of frequencies (0.2≤ν/GHz≤89) and temperatures (5≤θ/°C≤65). Detailed analysis of the spectra shows that the dominant low frequency process centred at ca. 0.06 to 10 GHz (depending on the salt and the temperature) is better described using a symmetrically broadened Cole-Cole model rather than the asymmetric Cole-Davidson models used previously. Evaluation of the temperature dependence of the static permittivities, effective dipole moments, volumes of rotation, activation energies, and relaxation times derived from the dielectric data indicates that the low frequency process cannot be solely due to rotational diffusion of the dipolar imidazolium cations, as has been thought, but must also include other contributions, probably from cooperative motions. Analysis of the Debye process observed at higher frequencies for these RTILs is not undertaken because it overlaps with even faster processes that lie outside the range of the present instrumentation.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Chemical and Mathematical Science|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd.|
|Copyright:||© 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.|
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