Haraldiophyllum erosum comb. nov. (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) from Southern and Western Australia
Millar, A.J.K. and Huisman, J.M. (1996) Haraldiophyllum erosum comb. nov. (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) from Southern and Western Australia. Australian Systematic Botany, 9 (1). pp. 61-69.
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Nitophyllum erosum Harvey (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) is a branched, monostromatic red alga that is readily recognised by its distinctive fringe of branched, multicellular processes. It has been considered to be a member of the genus Myriograrnrne Kylin, since it was thought to have carposporangia borne in short chains, a feature partially diagnostic for that genus. Recent collections of female and cystocarpic material have allowed us to ascertain the structure of the procarp, a feature important in generic placement. The procarp includes two periaxial cells, of which one acts as a cover cell while the other functions as the supporting cell, ultimately bearing two sterile cell groups and a four-celled carpogonial branch. In addition, the carposporophyte includes a distinctive fusion cell that incorporates gametophytic cells from the floor of the cystocarpic cavity, and the carposporangia are single and terminal on gonimoblast filaments. This combination of characters is diagnostic of the genus Haraldiophyllurn, a genus to which we transfer this species as Haraldiophyllum erosurn (Harvey) Millar & Huisman. comb. nov.
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