Observations on echinococcus granulosus of cattle origin in Switzerland
Thompson, R.C.A., Kumaratilake, L.M. and Eckert, J. (1984) Observations on echinococcus granulosus of cattle origin in Switzerland. International Journal for Parasitology, 14 (3). pp. 283-291.
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Switzerland is one of the few countries where high fertility rates have been reported in cattle hydatid cysts and where the cattle/dog cycle is the most important for the maintenance of Echinococcus granulosus. The developmental and morphological characteristics of E. granulosus of Swiss cattle origin were studied and compared with that of E. granulosus of domestic animal origin from Great Britain and Australia, countries where bovine hydatid cysts are usually sterile and cattle play little role in the life-cycle of the parasite. Adult E. granulosus of Swiss cattle origin differed markedly in its developmental characteristics compared to other isolates, particularly in its rate of maturation in dogs, producing eggs as early as 35 days post-infection. The morphology of E. granulosus of Swiss cattle origin was characteristic and it could be easily distinguished from other isolates of the parasite. Further, E. granulosus of Swiss cattle origin was found to closely resemble that occurring in cattle in South Africa where high fertility rates have also been reported in bovine hydatid cysts. It is concluded that a strain of E. granulosus exists which is adapted to cattle and that further studies are required to determine whether this strain warrants formal taxonomic status as the species E. ortleppi which was originally described for the parasite of South African cattle origin.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary Studies|
|Copyright:||© 1984 Published by Elsevier Ltd.|
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