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Reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging of the transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus muscles

Koppenhaver, S.L., Hebert, J.J., Fritz, J.M., Parent, E.C., Teyhen, D.S. and Magel, J.S. (2009) Reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging of the transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus muscles. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90 (1). pp. 87-94.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.06.022
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Abstract

Koppenhaver SL, Hebert JJ, Fritz JM, Parent EC, Teyhen DS, Magel JS. Reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging of the transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus muscles. Objectives: To evaluate the intraexaminer and interexaminer reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI) in obtaining thickness measurements of the transversus abdominis (TrA) and lumbar multifidus muscles at rest and during contractions. Design: Single-group repeated-measures reliability study. Setting: University and orthopedic physical therapy clinic. Participants: A volunteer sample of adults (N=30) with current nonspecific low back pain (LBP) was examined by 2 clinicians with minimal RUSI experience. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Thickness measurements of the TrA and lumbar multifidus muscles at rest and during contractions were obtained by using RUSI during 2 sessions 1 to 3 days apart. Percent thickness change was calculated as thicknesscontracted-thicknessrest/thicknessrest. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to estimate reliability. Results: By using the mean of 2 measures, intraexaminer reliability point estimates (ICC3,2) ranged from 0.96 to 0.99 for same-day comparisons and from 0.87 to 0.98 for between-day comparisons. Interexaminer reliability estimates (ICC2,2) ranged from 0.88 to 0.94 for within-day comparisons and from 0.80 to 0.92 for between-day comparisons. Reliability estimates comparing measurements by the 2 examiners of the same image (ICC2,2) ranged from 0.96 to 0.98. Reliability estimates were lower for percent thickness change measures than the corresponding single thickness measures for all conditions. Conclusions: RUSI thickness measurements of the TrA and lumbar multifidus muscles in patients with LBP, when based on the mean of 2 measures, are highly reliable when taken by a single examiner and adequately reliable when taken by different examiners.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: W. B. Saunders Co., Ltd.
Copyright: © 2009 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/10751
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