Nature or nurture? On the trail of determining variables that influence environmental behavior
Woods-McConney, A. and McConney, A. (1995) Nature or nurture? On the trail of determining variables that influence environmental behavior. In: Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) 1995, 18 - 22 April 1995, San Francisco, CA.
In this research we describe and discuss a path analysis of an hypothesized model of environmental behavior. In formulating the model, we used variables that had previously been empirically linked to environmental behavior (e.g., knowledge of issues, attitudes) but also included others that had not been assessed in the context of a model explaining environmental behavior (e.g., gender, ethnic affinity, age). Our findings support hypothesized direct influences on environmental behavior of knowledge and skill in environmental action, the opinions of others, fear of environmental catastrophe, environmental sensitivity, locus of control with regard to environmental problem solving, and environmental attitudes. Further analyses demonstrated the chief influence of knowledge and skill in environmental action, the opinions of others, and fear. We discuss the importance of these findings for building the knowledge base undergirding program and curriculum development efforts in environmental education.
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