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Molecular characterization of potentially zoonotic isolates of Giardia duodenalis in horses

Traub, R., Wade, S., Read, C., Thompson, A. and Mohammed, H. (2005) Molecular characterization of potentially zoonotic isolates of Giardia duodenalis in horses. Veterinary Parasitology, 130 (3-4). pp. 317-321.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.02.011
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Abstract

Giardia isolates from eight horses from New York State (NY), USA and two horses from Western Australia (WA) were genetically characterized at the SSU-rDNA and triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI) genes. Phylogenetic analysis of the TPI gene provided strong support for the placement of both isolates of Giardia from horses in WA and a single isolate from a horse in NY within the assemblage AI genotype of G. duodenalis. Another two isolates from horses in NY placed within the assemblage AII genotype of G. duodenalis. Phylogenetic analysis of the TPI gene also provided strong bootstrap support for the placement of four G. duodenalis isolates from horses in NY into a potentially host-specific sub-assemblage of assemblage BIV. The results of this study are consistent with previous studies showing that assemblages AI and AII of G. duodenalis provide the greatest potential zoonotic risk to humans. Horses may therefore constitute a potential source for human infection of Giardia either directly or via watersheds.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2005 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/10354
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