Molecular epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease viruses from South East Asia 1998–2006: The Lao perspective
Khounsy, S., Conlan, J.V., Gleeson, L.J., Westbury, H.A., Colling, A., Paton, D.J., Ferris, N.P., Valarcher, J-F, Wadsworth, J., Knowles, N. and Blacksell, S.D. (2009) Molecular epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease viruses from South East Asia 1998–2006: The Lao perspective. Veterinary Microbiology, 137 (1-2). pp. 178-183.
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) causes sporadic disease outbreaks in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and appears to be endemic within a livestock population largely susceptible to infection. As Lao PDR is a major thoroughfare for transboundary animal movement, regular FMD outbreaks occur causing economic hardship for farmers and their families. The dominant serotype causing outbreaks between 1998 and 2006 was type O. Using phylogenetic analysis, type O isolated viruses were divided into two topotypes: South East Asia (SEA) and the Middle East-South Asia (ME-SA). Type A virus was reported only in 2003 and 2006 and type Asia 1 only in 1996 and 1998.
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